Articles by Jeffrey Sachs

Topic: Working Papers

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2013

"A General Equilibrium Model for Analyzing African Rural Subsistence Economies and an African Green Revolution," with John W. McArthur, Brookings Africa Growth Initiative Working Paper 12, June 2013.

2012

"Green Growth and Equity in the Context of Climate Change: Some Considerations," with Shiv Someshwar. ADBI Working Paper Series 371, July 2012. Download as [PDF]

2010

"Improving Empirical Estimation of Demographic Drivers: Fertility, Child Mortality & Malaria Ecology," with Gordon McCord and Dalton Conley. August 2010
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2008

"Scaling up Primary Health Services in Rural Tamil Nadu: Public Investment Requirements and Health Sector Reform" with Nirupam Bajpai, Ravindra H. Dholakia. CGSD Working Paper No. 36. October 2008.
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"Scaling up Primary Education Services in Rural Tamil Nadu: Public Investment Requirements and Reform" with Nirupam Bajpai, Ravindra H. Dholakia. CGSD Working Paper No. 35. October 2008.
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"Scaling up Primary Health Services in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka: Public Investment Requirements and Health Sector Reform," with Nirupam Bajpai, Ravindra H. Dholakia, CGSD Working Paper No. 33, January 2008.
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"Scaling up Primary Education Services in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka: Public Investment Requirements and Policy Reform,"  with Nirupam Bajpai and Ravindra H. Dholakia, CGSD Working Paper No. 34, January 2008.
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2007

"Scaling up Malaria Control in Africa: An Economic and Epidemiological Assessment," with Awash Teklehaimanot and Gordon C. McCord. The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 77(Suppl 6), 2007, pp. 138–144. [Download Paper as PDF]
This article was also published as NBER Working Paper 13664, December 2007.
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"Africa's Lagging Demographic Transition: Evidence from Exogenous Impacts of Malaria Ecology and Agricultural Techonology," with Dalton Conley and Gordon C. McCord. NBER Working Paper 12892. February 2007.

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2005

"Scaling Up Primary Health Services in Rural India," with Nirupam Bajpai and Ravindra H. Dholakia, CGSD Working Paper No. 29, November 2005. 
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"Scaling Up Primary Education Services in Rural India," with Nirupam Bajpai and Ravindra H. Dholakia, CGSD Working Paper No. 28, November 2005. 
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"A European Development Fund for the MDGs," with John McArthur and Guido Schmidt-Traub, Revamping Development Efforts: An Assessment of Development Policy in the EU, European Policy Centre Issue Paper 36, July 2005.
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"India's Challenge to Meet the Millennium Development Goals," with Nirupam Bajpai and Nicole H. Volavka, CGSD Working Paper No. 24.  April 2005.
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2004

"National Common Minimum Programme of the Congress-led United Progessive Alliance: Policy Reform and Public Investment Requirements," with Nirupam Bajpai, CGSD Working Paper No. 22.  August 2004.
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"Reaching the Millennium Development Goals in South Asia," with Nirupam Bajpai and Nicole H. Volavka, CGSD Working Paper No. 17, July 2004.
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"Global Services Sourcing: Issues of Cost and Quality," with Nirupam Bajpai, Rohit Arora and Harpreet Khurana, CGSD Working Paper No. 16.  June 2004.
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2003

"IMF Stabilization Programs," with Anne O. Krueger and Stanley Fischer, in Economic and Financial Crises in Emerging Market Economies, Martin Feldstein, ed. Cambridge, MA: NBER, 2003. [Download as PDF]

"Economic Reforms in Emerging Economies," Lecture at the Centre for Banking Studies, Central Bank of Sri Lanka Occasional Paper No. 46, 14 January 2003.
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"Institutions Don't Rule: Direct Effects of Geography on Per Capita Income," NBER Working Paper 9490, January 2003.
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[Download Stata data file]
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[Download data and results in Excel format]
(Note: results differ slightly from NBER version due to updated malaria data)

2001

"The Effects of the AIDS Epidemic on Economic Welfare in sub-Saharan Africa," with Dean T. Jamison and Jia Wang, Commission on Macroeconomics and Health Working Paper WG1: 13, December 2001.
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"Tropical Underdevelopment," NBER Working Paper 8119.  February 2001.
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(based on speech prepared for Economic History Association Annual Meeting, September 2000 and CID Working Paper No. 57, December 2000)
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2000

"Patterns and Determinants of Economic Reform in Transition Economies: 1990-1998," with Clifford Zinnes and Yair Eilat.  HIID CAER II Discussion Paper no. 61.  February 2000.
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1999

"Economic Consequences of Health Status: A Review of the Evidence" with Amar A. Hamoudi. CID Working Paper No. 30, December 1999.
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"The Case for a Vaccine Purchase Fund," with Michael Kremer and Amar Hamoudi, CID mimeo, June 1999. [Download as PDF]

"Gradual Spread of Market-Led Industrialization," with X. Yang, CID Working Paper No. 11, April 1999.
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"The Changing Global Distribution of Malaria: A Review," with Amar Hamoudi, CID Working Paper No. 2, March 1999.
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"Strengthening India's Strategy," with Nirupam Bajpai, The Economic Times, (ET Exclusive: Harvard Pundits Reset the Agenda) February 8, 1999.
(previously working paper "Strengthening India's Strategy for Economic Growth," with Nirupam Bajpai, HIID Development Discussion Paper no. 641, July 1998.) [Download paper as PDF file]

1998

"Strengthening India's Strategy for Economic Growth," in Economic and Political Weekly, Volume XXXIII, No. 29 & 30, Mumbai, July 18, 1998, with Nirupam Bajpai.
(previously working paper "Strengthening India's Strategy for Economic Growth," with Nirupam Bajpai, HIID Development Discussion Paper no. 641, July 1998.) [Download paper as PDF file]

1997

"The Geography of Global Capitalism," mimeo, HIID, May 1997.

"Economic Reforms in China and India: Selected Issues in Industrial Policy," with Nirupam Bajpai and Tianlun Jian, HIID Development Discussion Paper No. 580, April 1997.
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"Zimbabwe's Growth Prospects: the Steps Ahead," mimeo, HIID, January 1997.

1996

"Understanding China's Economic Performance," with Wing Thye Woo, HIID Development Discussion Paper #575, December 1996.
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"Achieving Rapid Growth in the Transition Economies of Central Europe," with Andrew Warner, HIID Development Discussion Paper #544, July 1996.
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"Trends in Inter-State Inequalities of Income in India," with Nirupam Bajpai, HIID Development Discussion Paper #528, May 1996.
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"Financial Crises in Emerging Markets: The Lessons from 1995," with Andres Velasco and Aaron Tornell, NBER Working Paper Series no. 5576, May 1996.
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"EU Membership for Central Europe: Commitments, Speed and Conditionality," with Alain de Crombrugghe and Zanny Minton-Beddoes, HIID Development Discussion Paper #523, February 1996.
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"International Trade and Wage Inequality in the United States: Some New Results," with Howard J. Shatz, HIID Development Discussion Paper #524, February 1996.
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1995

"Natural Resources Abundance and Economic Growth," with Andrew Warner, HIID Development Discussion Paper #517a, October 1995.
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"Lessons from Mexico," with Aaron Tornell and Andres Velasco, mimeo Harvard University, March 1995.

"Interpreting the Mexican Peso Crisis," January 1995, mimeo.

"Reforms in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union in Light of the East Asian Experiences," presented at NBER-TCER- CEPR Trilateral Conference on Transition from Socialist Economies, Tokyo, Janauary 6-7, 1995. Published in Journal of the Japanese and International Economies. [Download as PDF]

1993

"Bolivia: On the Road to Development," project report prepared for the Ministry of Exports and Competitiveness of the Government of Bolivia, September 1993.
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1989

"Bolivia's Economic Crisis," with Juan Antonio Morales, in J. Sachs (ed.), Foreign Debt and Economic Performance, National Bureau of Economic Research and University of Chicago Press, 1989; and Developing Country Debt and Economic Performance: Country Studies--Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Vol 2, University of Chicago, 1990. (previously NBER Working Paper 2620) [Download as PDF]

"Default and Renegotiation of Latin American Foreign Bonds in the Interwar Period," with Erika Jorgensen, in B. Eichengreen and P. Lindert (eds.), A Long Run Perspective on the Debt Crisis, 1989. . Also NBER Working Paper No. 2636, June 1988.
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"Is Tokyo Worth Four Trillion Dollars? An Explanation for High Japanese Land Prices," with Peter Boone, mimeo, October 1989.

"Sachs-McKibbin Global Model," with Warwick McKibbin, Brookings Discussion Paper #78, August 1989.

1988

"Coordination of Monetary and Fiscal Policies in the Industrial Economies," with W. McKibbin, in Jacob A. Frenkel (ed.), International Aspects of Fiscal Policies, National Bureau of Economic Research and University of Chicago Press, 1988.
(previously NBER Working Paper 1800)

"Institutional Aspects of High Unemployment in the Federal Republic of Germany," with M. Burda, NBER Working Paper Series, No. 2241, May 1987, in World Economy, Fall 1988.
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1987

"Dynamic Optimization in Two-Party Models," with W. McKibbin and N. Roubini, NBER Working Paper Series, No. 2213, April, 1987.
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1986

"Contractionary Devaluation and Dynamic Adjustment of Exports and Wages," with F. Larrain, NBER Working Paper Series, No. 2078, November, 1986.
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"Conditionality, Debt Relief, and the Developing Country Debt Crisis," Harvard and NBER, mimeo, April, 1986. [Download as PDF]

1985

"Growth and External Debt Under Risk of Debt Repudiation," with Daniel Cohen, European Economic Review, 1985, and in International Volatility and Economic Growth, G. de Menil and R. Gordon (eds.), North-Holland, 1991. (previously NBER Working Paper 1703). [Download as PDF]

"LDC Borrowing with Default Risk," with D. Cohen, Kredit und Kapital, 1985.
(previously NBER Working Paper 925).

"High Unemployment in Europe: Diagnosis and Policy Implications," in Unemployment in Europe, C-H Siven (ed.), proceedings of Yxtaholm Conference of September, 1985, SAF, Stockholm, Sweden.
(previously NBER Working Paper 1830)

"Borrowing Abroad: The Debtor's Perspective," with Richard Cooper, in Cuddington and Smith (eds.), International Debt and the Developing Countries, World Bank Symposium, 1985.
(previously NBER Working Paper 1427)

"Macroeconomic Interdependence of Japan and the United States: Some Simulation Results," with N. Ishii and W. McKibbin, in Journal of Policy Modelling, Winter 1985, pp. 533-572.
(previously NBER Working Paper 1637)

"Macroeconomic Policies in the OECD and LDC External Adjustment," with Warwick McKibbin, NBER Working Paper, No. 1534, January 1985.
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1982

"Anticipations, Recessions, and Policy: An Intertemporal Disequilibrium Model," with Olivier Blanchard, Annales de l'Insee, No. 47-48, July-December 1982. (previously NBER Working Paper 971) [Download as PDF]

"Comment: The Employment-Real Wage Relationship, An International study (Geary and Kennan)," mimeo, Harvard, 1982.

"Energy and Resource Allocation: A Dynamic Model of the Dutch Disease," with Michael Bruno, published in special issue of Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 49, No. 159, 845-859, for the Cambridge University Conference on Unemployment, July, 1982. (previously NBER Working Paper 852) [Download paper as PDF]

"Stabilization Policies in the World Economy: Scope and Skepticism," American Economic Review, May 1982. (previously NBER Working Paper 862). [Download as PDF]

1980

"The Changing Cyclical Behavior of Wages and Prices, 1890-1976," American Economic Review, Vol. 70, No. 1, March 1980. (previously NBER Working Paper 304) [Download paper as PDF]

0000

"Accelerating Privatization in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland," WIDER Working Paper 92, September 1991. Also published in Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference in Development Economics 1991. [Download as PDF]

"Government Spending and Budget Deficits in the Industrial Economies," with N. Roubini, NBER Working Paper No. 2919, Economic Policy 8. April 1989. [Download as PDF]

"Comparing the Global Performance of Alternative Exchange Arrangements," with W. McKibbin, NBER Working Paper Series, No. 2024, September 1986, in the Journal of Policy Modelling, 1988.
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"Achieving Monetary Stabilization in Russia in 1993," mimeo.

"Strengthening Western Support for Russia's Economic Reforms," mimeo.

"Federal Fiscal Policy and Optimum Currency Areas," with Xavier Sala-i-Martin, Harvard and NBER, mimeo, June 1989.

"Developing Country Debt and the Market Value of Large Commercial Banks," with Steven Kyle, NBER Discussion Paper, No. 1470, September, 1984.
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"The International Economics of Transitional Growth--The Case of the United States," with Laurence Kotlikoff and Edward Leamer, Sept., 1981, NBER Working Paper Series, No. 773 [Download paper as PDF]

"Macroeconomic Adjustment with Import Price Shocks: Real and Monetary Aspects," with Michael Bruno, NBER Working Paper Series, No. 340, April, 1979. [Download paper as PDF]

"Living Standards in Poland and the Economic Reforms," mimeo.